Natural disasters and catastrophes are though unfortunate but no one can stop or avoid them. These disasters cause several deaths and a huge social disruption as well. Along with other massive destructions it also causes health issues because of the outbreaks of epidemic diseases. Such situation demands an emergency health management. Humanitarian assistance is very much essential and especially with regards to provision of health facilities or to lessen the effects of epidemics.
There are three vital features of disaster management:
- Disaster response,
- Disaster preparedness
- Disaster mitigation.
Things to Remember
All the disasters are different from each other yet there are few similarities as well. The real assessment is the measurement of destruction that they cause. You need to know the basic relation between the disasters and health management then things will become easy to cope with.
- One needs to know the intensity and type of disaster and its effects on health. For instance earthquake cause more deaths than floods comparatively.
- There are few effects that are inevitable. They are serious yet can’t be avoided. It is very much evident that movement of masses affected by disasters is a common practice. This can cause disease conversion and environment of the surroundings spread it too.
- It is also a fact that the diseases can’t prevail at the time of occurrence of the disaster. They can be prevailed with inclusion of some relative factors. Like if talk about causalities they usually happens when a disaster hit any area whereas other diseases need time for their spread and ofcourse a large number of population when tranfarmation gets easy.
Common Health Issues Cause by Disasters
There are few common problems that are usually seen after every disaster.
1. Reaction Of Masses
Everyone after disaster is under the feeling of shock. People develop a sense of insecurity not only about reoccurrence of the disaster but also about future life, the food storage issues, and helter etc. they may get out of the initial shock soon but few insecurities will remain with them for quite a long period of time. This issue can be tackled through provision of required needs as per need assessments.
2. Infectious Diseases
Natural disasters usually cause the spread of infectious diseases. Contamination of water and food is also very common in such situation. This is also depending on the density of population the period for which they have to live at a peculiar location. This issue can be resolve or atleast the effect can be lessen through the pre findings and commonality factor.
3. Displacement Of People
It is also evident that after any disaster the displacement of the inhabitants is essential. At the same movement the rapid humanitarian assistance becomes necessary. The providers of such assistance also should be fully aware of the necessities of the situation.
4. Water Supply and Hygiene
Dirty water, unhygienic conditions and poor sewerage system makes condition worse after disasters. They further can cause serious health issues even contagious diseases. Such diseases also include epidemics. Preparation to handle this situation can help out in controlling the situation.
5. Mental Health
Physical health has a significance impact on the life of an individual but mental health can’t be neglected so far. Anxiety, psychoses, and depression arte the common health problems that can be witness after disasters. It is very important to emphasis on the need to develop a social structure. Don’t try to make them escape from the reality by using several tranquilizers. Let them face this and then a gradual consideration.
6. Destruction of Health Infrastructure
Natural catastrophes can cause serious impairment to health amenities, water supply and sewerage systems etc. this issue demand a long period of time to rebuild the whole infrastructure. So the total emphasis should be on reducing the effects of the damage that is actually inevitable.
Take a Rapid Look
There are few things that have to be done rapidly. They should be taken as the technical coordination to deal with the health issues during and after the disasters.
- Treatment of Casualties
- Identification of Bodies
- Epidemiological Surveillance and Disease Control mechanism
- Basic Hygiene
- Health Supervision in Shelters
- Health Training of public
- Logistical facilities and provision